# Bandstructures in vasp.py

## Calculating a bandstructure with vasp.py and an IPython notebook¶

This post has three goals. 1) Show we can run simulations in the IPython notebook (instead of org-mode), second, to directly post the notebook to the dft-book blog, and finally to show how to calculate a band-structure.

First we import the vasp.py libraries we need.

In :
%matplotlib inline
from vasp import Vasp

In :
from ase.lattice.surface import fcc111

In :
slab = fcc111('Al', size=(1, 1, 4), vacuum=10)
print(slab)

Atoms(symbols='Al4', positions=..., tags=..., cell=[[2.8637824638055176, 0.0, 0.0], [1.4318912319027588, 2.4801083645679673, 0.0], [0.0, 0.0, 27.014805770653954]], pbc=[True, True, False])


Now we setup and run a calculation. We need a base calculation to get the electron density from. Then, we will run a non-self-consistent calculation with a k-point path using that density.

In :
from vasp.vasprc import VASPRC
VASPRC['queue.nodes'] = 'n5'  # specify to run on node named n5

calc = Vasp('../../Al-bandstructure',
xc='pbe',
encut=300,
kpts=[6, 6, 6],
lcharg=True,  # We need the charge and wavefunctions for the second step
lwave=True,
atoms=slab)
calc.run()  # we need to wait for this to finish

Out:
-14.17006237

Once the calculation is done, we can run the bandstructure calculation. We specify a path through k-space as a series of pairs of points, and the number of "intersections" we want on each path. This path has 4 segments, with 10 points on each segment.

In :
n, bands, p = calc.get_bandstructure(kpts_path=[(r'$\Gamma$', [0, 0, 0]),
('$K1$', [0.5, 0.0, 0.0]),
('$K1$', [0.5, 0.0, 0.0]),
('$K2$', [0.5, 0.5, 0.0]),
('$K2$', [0.5, 0.5, 0.5]),
(r'$\Gamma$', [0, 0, 0]),
(r'$\Gamma$', [0, 0, 0]),
('$K3$', [0, 0, 1])],
kpts_nintersections=10,
show=True) The figure above shows why we only need $m \times n \times 1$ k-point meshes for slabs. From $\Gamma$ to $K3$ the bands are flat, so one k-point is sufficient to characterize the band energy in that direction (that is the z-direction in this calculation.).

That is basically it! I didn't find this as easy to use as Emacs + org-mode, but since I have 5+ years of skill with that, and a day of experience with this, that might be expected ;)