Code completion in HyDE

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Code completion is often useful in an editor. Today, we add some code completion to Emacs for hy . It isn't that hard; we get a list of known keywords from the hy language, a list of functions and macros, and a list of variables from the current buffer. If you are following this line of development, the code can be found here: https://github.com/jkitchin/jmax/blob/master/mile-hy.el

If not, there might be some interesting tips here on getting completion in Emacs ;)

We will use auto-complete (http://auto-complete.org/doc/manual.html#extend ) for now. First, we can add hy-mode to the list of ac-modes:

;; * auto-complete
(add-to-list 'ac-modes 'hy-mode)

Next, we need to define some sources and functions for completion. Over at https://github.com/jkitchin/hyve/blob/master/hylp.hy#L65 I defined a function that returns a list of all hy core functions and macros that Emacs can directly read.

(defn hy-all-keywords-emacs-completion []
  "Return a string for Emacs completion suitable for read in Emacs.
We unmangle the names and replace _ with -."
  (str
   (+ "("
      (.join " " (list-comp (.format "\"{}\"" (.replace x "_" "-"))
                            [x (hy-all-keywords)]))
      ")")))

Here, we define a source that gets that information from the hy repl using the lispy–eval-hy function. This has the downside of calling the repl, but it seems fast, and I haven't noticed any lags so far. The upside is it only gets called once and has everything hy knows about, i.e. i don't have to update this for new core functions/macros.

(defvar ac-source-hy-keywords
  `((candidates . ,(read (lispy--eval-hy "(hy-all-keywords-emacs-completion)"))))
  "Keywords known from hy. The command is defined in hyve.hylp.")

It would also be nice to have the defns/macros in the current file available for completion. This hackery searches the current buffer for these with a pretty simple regex and accumulates the results.

(defun hy-defns-macros ()
  "Get a list of defns in the current file."
  (let ((defns '()))
    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "\\(?:defn\\|defmacro\\)[[:space:]]+\\(.*?\\) "nil t)
        (push (match-string 1) defns)))
    defns))

Finally, we would also like the variable names from setv and let. Hy is lispy, so we use a hybrid regex search, followed by read to get every other name in the case of setv, and the vector expression in the let case.

(defun hy-variables ()
  "Collect the variable names in the current buffer.
These are every other name after setv."
  (let ((vars '())
        expr
        set-vars
        let-vars)
    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "(setv" nil t)
        (save-excursion
          (goto-char (match-beginning 0))
          (setq expr (read (current-buffer)))
          (setq set-vars (loop for x in (cdr expr) by #'cddr
                               collect x)))))
    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "(let" nil t)
        (save-excursion
          (goto-char (match-beginning 0))
          (setq expr (read (current-buffer)))
          ;; this is read as a vector, so we convert to a list.
          (setq let-vars
                (loop for x in (append (nth 1 expr) nil)
                      by #'cddr collect x)))))
    (append set-vars let-vars)))

Next, we define two new sources for completion that use those two functions:

(defvar ac-source-hy-defns
  '((candidates . hy-defns-macros))
  "Functions/macros defined in the file.")

(defvar ac-source-hy-variables
  '((candidates . hy-variables))
  "Hy variables defined in the file.")

And finally add this to the hy-setup hook function:

(setq ac-sources '(ac-source-hy-keywords
                     ac-source-hy-defns
                     ac-source-hy-variables))

  (ac-set-trigger-key "TAB")
  (auto-complete-mode 1)

And we should be good to go with completion. Let's try it out.

Checkout the video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6j5IWkpoz0

(let [some-long-name 5
      boring-and-tedious "tree"]
  (print boring-and-tedious))

(setv another-var nil inline-name (+ 4 5)
      hylarious-var 5)

(+ hylarious-var 8 )

(defn Some-long-function []
  (print 6))

(Some-long-function)
tree
6

Sweet.

Copyright (C) 2016 by John Kitchin. See the License for information about copying.

org-mode source

Org-mode version = 8.2.10

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